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助力大兴安岭生物多样性保护与可持续发展UNDP-GEF增强大兴安岭地区保护地网络的有效管理项目成果发布会在内蒙古根河市举办

更新日期:2018-06-27

  

  

  

  2018年6月24日,UNDP-GEF“增强大兴安岭地区保护地网络的有效管理项目”成果发布会在内蒙古根河市举办。国家林业局调查规划设计院院长、项目指导委员会副主任刘国强,国家林业局调查规划设计院党委副书记严晓凌,联合国开发计划署驻华代表处项目主任马超德,中国湿地保护协会副会长刘亚文,内蒙古大兴安岭重点国有林管理局副局长田凤奇,黑龙江大兴安岭林业管理局副局长刘志等出席会议。会议由国家林业局湿地保护管理中心总工程师鲍达明主持。

  刘国强在开幕讲话中指出,GEF项目是大兴安岭地区实施的首个生物多样性保护国际项目,项目实施期正值东北国有林区全面停止商业性采伐,林区工作重点由木材生产向生态建设转移的特殊时期。项目不仅为大兴安岭地区生态建设引入了宝贵资金,更重要的是引入了国内外生态保护的新理念、新机制、新技术和新经验,为大兴安岭打开了一扇了解外部世界的窗口。

  刘国强说,项目实施5年来,围绕推动生物多样性保护主流化进程、开展能力建设、推广湿地保护恢复技术、推进生物多样性调查监测、宣传教育和社区共管等主题开展了大量探索性和示范性项目活动,显著扩大了保护地面积,有效提高了保护地管理水平,完善了生物多样性保护体制机制,提升了大兴安岭地区生物多样性保护的科技支撑能力,提高了公众的保护意识,有力地推进了大兴安岭地区生态文明建设进程。 

  马超德博士充分肯定了项目在增加大兴安岭保护地面积、提升保护地人员能力、开展创新性科学研究和提高公众意识等方面取得的显著成效。希望项目成果为大兴安岭乃至中国生态文明建设提供有益借鉴,联合国开发计划署也将把大兴安岭项目实施经验推广到其它国家和地区。 

  田凤奇认为,GEF项目作为大兴安岭地区由内蒙古和黑龙江两省区联合实施的首个生物多样性保护国际合作项目,有效提升了保护地管理能力,增强了两省区的交流合作。项目委托国内顶尖科研院所完成的多项技术成果,为林区保护地管理提供了理论基础和技术支持。他表示,项目结束后内蒙古重点国有林管理局还将继续推广应用GEF项目的丰硕成果,进一步加强保护地体系建设,尽快实现林区的产业转型。 

  会上,中央项目办、两省区项目办和社区代表分享了项目实施具体成效,国内知名专家、项目受益方代表和媒体记者就项目实施情况进行了互动交流。此外,还举行了项目成果丛书《大兴安岭湿地保护地管理-GEF增强大兴安岭地区保护地网络有效管理项目的实践》、《大兴安岭湿地研究-GEF增强大兴安岭地区保护地网络有效管理项目的探索》、《大兴安岭野生动物的故事》和UNDP《自然保护地旅游特许经营管理指南》的新书发布会和赠书仪式。 

  “增强大兴安岭地区保护地网络的有效管理项目”是“GEF中国湿地保护体系规划型项目” 的子项目之一,全球环境基金赠款金额为 3,544,679 美元,中国政府配套为 23,500,000 美元,项目执行期为 2013 年9月至2018年9月。项目国际执行机构为联合国开发计划署,国内执行机构为国家林业局湿地保护管理中心,实施机构为国家林业局调查规划设计院、内蒙古大兴安岭林业管理局和黑龙江大兴安岭林业管理局,项目示范点为内蒙古根河源国家湿地公园和黑龙江多布库尔国家级自然保护区。 

  项目经过五年的实施,取得了显著成效: 

  大兴安岭保护地面积从310.03万公顷扩大到421.88万公顷,保护地面积新增36.1%,使111.85万公顷的重要生态系统和野生动植物栖息地纳入到保护体系中;推动成立了跨省区的大兴安岭生物多样性保护委员会,加强了两省区林管局开展保护工作的协同性,促进了景观层面各项保护活动的开展;推动制定地方湿地保护相关法规;支持建立了覆盖两省区12个保护地的生物多样性监测体系,掌握了该地区生物多样性动态变化状况,为保护管理工作提供了数据支撑;完成了大兴安岭地区生物多样性保护与可持续利用行动计划、保护地融资计划、两个示范点管理计划,开发建立了生物多样性信息管理系统,开展了大兴安岭湿地价值评估、冻土演变和湿地固碳研究等创新性研究课题,为该地区湿地和生物多样性保护提供了有力的科技支撑;内蒙古汗马国家级自然保护区列入国际重要湿地名录;在两个项目示范点开展生态旅游和生态种养殖等替代生计活动,实现生态效益与经济效益共赢,具有积极的示范作用;组织开展了各种形式的培训,内容涵盖法律法规、资源调查、物种识别、生态修复、生境监测、 宣传教育、生态旅游、社区共管和替代生计等诸多方面,接受培训的保护地从业人员超过1500人次;累计为两个示范点采购了三十五万美元的监测巡护设备,提高了项目示范点监测巡护能力;针对大兴安岭地区关键物种,编制并实施了栖息地保护和恢复计划;开展形式多样的宣教活动,有效提高了公众的生态保护意识,宣传了大兴安岭地区的生态保护价值,大兴安岭在国内外的影响力大大增强。

 

  来自大兴安岭地区生物多样性保护委员会成员单位、相关省区项目办、非政府组织、科研单位及媒体的代表五十余人参加了会议。   

 

  Contributing to Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development in Daxing’anling Press Conference on the Achievements of the Project“UNDP-GEF Strengthening the Management Effectiveness of the Protected Area Network in Daxing’anling Landscape” Held in Genhe City, Inner Mongolia, China   

  Inner Mongolia, China, June 24, 2018--The Press Conference on the Achievements of the Project “UNDP-GEF Strengthening the Management Effectiveness of the Protected Area Network in Daxing’anling Landscape” took place in Genhe City, Inner Mongolia, China on June 24, 2018. The event, chaired by Mr. Bao Daming, Chief Engineer of the office of Wetlands Conservation and Management, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, attended by more than 50 representatives from the members of Project Steering Committee, Daxing’anling Biodiversity Conservation Committee, project management offices, demonstration sites, other provincial projects, universities and research institutions, NGOs, local communities and media, etc. 

  In the opening address, Mr. Liu Guoqiang, Director of the Academy of Forest Inventory and Planning (AFIP), State Forestry and Grassland Administration, noted that, this GEF project is the first international project implemented in Daxing’anling on biodiversity conservation, when the commercial logging is fully banned and the focus is shifted from timber production to ecological development in the state-owned forest areas in Northeast China. The project has provided financial support to promote ecological progress in Daxing’anling. More importantly, it has introduced new ideas, mechanisms, technologies and best practices on ecological conservation in China and beyond, which makes it possible for Daxing’anling to understand better the outside world. 

  Over the past five years, the project has implemented a large number of exploration and demonstration based activities, focusing on the topics of promoting the process of biodiversity conservation mainstreaming, capacity building, biodiversity survey and monitoring, public education and community co-management. As a result, the size of protected areas has been significantly expanded; the protected areas’ management level has been greatly improved; a sound mechanism on biodiversity conservation has been put in place; the Science &Technology support for biodiversity conservation in Daxing’anling has been strengthened; and the public awareness on biodiversity conservation has been raised. All these have helped promote the ecological progress in the region, Mr. Liu added. 

  Dr. Ma Chaode, Programme Director of UNDP China fully affirmed the achievements that the project has made in expanding the size of protected areas in Daxing’anling, building the capacity of the staff, carrying out innovative scientific research and raising public awareness, etc. He hoped that the achievements of the project can provide best practices for Daxing’anling and even the whole country to promote its ecological progress, while UNDP will help disseminate the experiences and the project to other countries and regions. 

  “The GEF Project, as the first international cooperation project on biodiversity conservation in Daxing’anling jointly implemented by Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang, has significantly improved the capacity of protected areas management, and enhanced the exchange and collaboration between the two provinces, ”said Mr. Tian Fengqi, Deputy Director-general of Inner Mongolia Daxing’anling Forestry Management Bureau, “The technical findings of some domestic leading research institutions and universities entrusted by the project have provided theoretical basis and technical support for the protected areas management in the forest areas. Upon the completion of the project, Inner Mongolia Forestry Management Bureau will continue to promote and apply the results of the GEF Project, strengthen the development of protected area system and help achieve the industrial transformation in the forest areas as soon as possible.” 

  During the Press Conference, representatives from National project offices, the two Provincial Project Management offices and the local communities shared the specific achievements in the project. The invited famous national consultants, representatives of the project beneficiaries and media journalists exchanged information on the project implementation. In addition, a new books launching and donating ceremony was held. These books include: Innovative Management for Wetland Protected Areas in Daxing’anling 

  - Highlights of GEF Project – “Strengthening the Management Effectiveness of the Protected Area Network in the Daxing’anling Landscape”; Best practices for managing DXAL wetland protected areas- Highlights of GEF Project – “Strengthening the Management Effectiveness of the Protected Area Network in the Daxing’anling Landscape”; Wildlife Tales of Daxing’anling; and Tourism Concessions in Protected Natural Area Guidelines for Managers” 

  The UNDP-GEF Project “Strengthening the Management Effectiveness of the Protected Area Network in Daxing’anling Landscape”, as a sub-project of GEF China Wetland PA System Programme, has a GEF donation of USD 3,544,679 and a co-financing of USD 23,500,000 from the Chinese government. Lasting from September 2013 to September 2018, the project is executed internationally by UNDP, executed nationally by the office of Wetlands Conservation and Management, State Forestry and Grassland Administration, and implemented jointly by the Academy of Forest Inventory and Planning (AFIP), Inner Mongolia Daxing’anling Forestry Management Bureau and Heilongjiang Daxing’anling Forestry Management Bureau. The two demonstration sites of the Project are Inner Mongolia Genheyuan National Wetland Park and Heilongjiang Duobukuer National Nature Reserve. 

  More specifically, the following achievements have been made by the Project:

  The size of protected areas in Daxing’anling has been expanded from 3.1003 million hectares to 4.2188 million hectares, up 36.1 percent, in which 1.1185 million hectares of key ecosystems and wildlife habitats have been included in the protected area system. A trans-boundary Daxing’anling Biodiversity Conservation Committee has been established to enhance the coordination on wetland biodiversity conservation between forestry management bureaus in the two provinces, and to promote the implementation of various conservation activities at the landscape level. Local regulations on wetland conservation have been developed thanks to the help of the Project. In addition, a biodiversity monitoring system covering 12 protected areas in the two provinces have been developed to understand the dynamic changes of biodiversity in the region and provide data support for biodiversity conservation and management efforts. Some plans, including Action Plan on Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use in Daxing’anling, Financing Plan for Protected Areas in Daxing’anling, and Integrated Management Plans for the Two Demonstration Sites in Daxing’anling, have been prepared. A Biodiversity Information Management System has also been developed, and some innovative research projects focusing on assessment of wetland ecosystem service values, permafrost evolution and wetland carbon sequestration in Daxing’anling have been conducted to provide strong technical support for wetland and biodiversity conservation in the region. Inner Mongolia Hanma National Nature Reserve has been listed as a Ramsar site. At the two demonstration sites of the project, some alternative livelihood activities, including eco-tourism and ecological farming have been implemented, which have achieved a win-win situation between ecological and economic benefits, and set a good example in this respect. Various forms of training programs have been organized, covering a wide range of topics, i.e., legislation, resources inventory, species identification, ecological restoration, habitat monitoring, public education, eco-tourism, community co-management and alternative livelihood. More than 1,500 person/times practitioners in protected areas management have been trained. Monitoring and patrolling equipment with a total value of USD 350,000 has been procured for the two demonstration sites, which has helped improve their monitoring and patrolling capabilities. Habitat protection and restoration plan for key species has been prepared and implemented in Daxing’anling. Finally, a large number of public education activities have been carried out to raise public awareness on ecological protection and its values in the region. As a result, the influence of Daxing’anling has been significantly strengthened in China and beyond.